Modern Stylish Life

Turkish Rugs-History, Types, Manufacturing, and Decoration Ideas

Turkish Rugs

Turkish rugs are a beautiful and stylish way to add a touch of Turkish home decor to your home. They are known for their vibrant colors, intricate designs, and excellent craftsmanship. Turkish rugs can be used in any room of your home, from the living room to the bedroom to the bathroom. They are also a great way to add warmth and color to a space.

When choosing a Turkish rug for your home, it is important to consider the size, color, pattern, and material of the rug. You should also choose a rug that complements your existing décor. Turkish rugs come in a wide variety of styles, so you are sure to find one that is perfect for your home.

Also Read: Turkish Home Decor on a low Budget

History of Turkish Rugs: From Seljuk Splendor to Ottoman Opulence

People have been weaving rugs in Turkey for over 2,000 years. The oldest surviving Turkish rugs were made during the Seljuk Empire, which ruled from the 11th to the 13th centuries. These early rugs, often with geometric and abstract designs, were made in Anatolia, the heart of modern-day Turkey.

Rug weaving became even more popular under the Ottoman Empire, which started in the 13th century. During this time, Turkish rugs began to feature intricate floral patterns, reflecting the influences of the surrounding Islamic world. The Ottoman government supported major rug weaving centers in cities like Ushak, Bergama, Ghiordes, and Ladik.

By the 16th century, Turkish rugs were being exported all over Europe. Their unique designs influenced European tapestries and carpets. The peak of Turkish rug weaving came in the late 16th and 17th centuries, which is often called the “Classical Period.” Rugs made during this time were very well-made and had up to 350 knots per square inch, using a double knot weaving style called the Ghiordes knot.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, rug production shifted from government workshops to small businesses in towns across Turkey. Regional styles emerged, featuring local plant dyes and motifs. Even though these rugs were made in small quantities, they were still of very high quality.

By the early 20th century, Turkish rug weaving was in decline because of competition from machine-made European carpets. But in the 1980s, there was a revival of interest in Turkish rugs, and the government began to promote the art to preserve tradition. Today, handmade Turkish rugs are highly prized for their cultural heritage and beauty. The best rugs still come from key weaving centers that have maintained their expertise for centuries, such as the Hereke region, known for its high-quality carpets. [source]

Turkish Rugs

Types of Turkish Rugs: A Kaleidoscope of Colors and Designs

There are many different types of Turkish rugs, each with its own unique characteristics. Here is a brief overview of some of the most popular types of Turkish rugs:

1. Kilims

Kilims are flatwoven rugs without piles. They often feature geometric designs, such as diamonds, triangles, and zigzags. Kilims are the most common traditional Turkish rug, and they are often used for both practical and decorative purposes.

Turkish Rugs

2. Ghiordes

Ghiordes rugs are finely knotted with elaborate floral motifs. They are made in the Ghiordes region of Turkey using a double knot technique. Ghiordes rugs are known for their high quality and durability.

Turkish Rugs

3. Ladik

Ladik rugs have soft and luxurious piles. They usually have intricate floral patterns on deep red backgrounds. Ladik rugs are woven in the Ladik region of Turkey, and they are prized for their beauty and craftsmanship.

Turkish Rugs

4. Oushak

Oushak rugs are made in the Ushak region of Turkey. They are known for their dense pile and muted earth-tone colors. Oushak rugs come in a variety of styles, from large medallions to allover patterns.

Turkish Rugs

5. Milas

Milas rugs are single-weft rugs from the Milas area of Turkey. They have a fine, velvety pile and tribal motifs. Milas rugs are known for their beauty and durability.

6. Hereke

Hereke rugs are luxury silk rugs made using Turkish knots. They feature lifelike floral designs with a glossy appearance. Hereke rugs are some of the most expensive Turkish rugs, and they are often commissioned by collectors.

Each type of Turkish rug has its own unique history and cultural significance. For example, kilims are often associated with nomadic Turkic peoples, while Ghiordes rugs were once favored by the Ottoman sultans.

Ladik rugs are known for their intricate floral patterns, which are inspired by the gardens of Ottoman palaces. Oushak rugs were once a popular export item, and they can be found in museums and private collections all over the world.

Milas rugs are known for their tribal motifs, which reflect the region’s rich cultural heritage. Hereke rugs are some of the most luxurious Turkish rugs, and they are often prized by collectors for their beauty and craftsmanship.

Turkish Rugs

How Are Turkish Rugs Made?

Turkish rugs are known for their high quality and durability, and this is due in part to the materials used and the manufacturing process.


  • Wool – The primary material used in Turkish rugs is wool, which is prized for its durability, texture, and ability to absorb dyes. Anatolian wool is particularly prized for its high quality.
  • Cotton – Cotton is used to create the foundations and warp/weft threads of Turkish rugs. It provides strength and stability to the rug.
  • Silk – Silk is sometimes used in luxury Turkish rugs for its sheen and softness. It is most commonly used in Hereke rugs.
  • Dyes – Traditional natural dyes are used to color Turkish rugs, such as madder root, walnut shells, and cochineal insects. These dyes produce vibrant and long-lasting colors.


The rug weaving process in Turkey is a time-consuming and labor-intensive one. It typically involves the following steps:

  1. Shearing and washing: Raw wool is sheared from sheep and washed clean of impurities.
  2. Carding and spinning: The wool fibers are separated and spun into yarn.
  3. Dyeing: Spun wool is dyed using natural pigments through methods like mordant or vat dyeing.
  4. Warping: Warp threads are measured out on a loom to create the rug’s foundation.
  5. Knotting: Rug weavers tie individual knots around the warps to create the designs.
  6. Finishing: Once knotting is complete, the rug is trimmed and washed again to set the knots and make it a proper rug.

The knotting process is particularly time-consuming and requires a high level of skill. The type of knot used depends on the region and the style of the rug. Some of the most common knot types used in Turkish rugs include the Ghiordes knot, the Turkish knot, and the Double Turkish knot.

How to Choose The Right Turkish Rug For Your Home?

When choosing a Turkish rug for your home, there are a few things to consider:

1. Size

Measure the space where you plan to place the rug before you buy it. Choose a rug that is the right size for the space, but not too big or too small.

2. Color

Turkish rugs come in a wide variety of colors, so you can choose one that complements your existing décor. If you have a lot of neutral colors in your room, you can add a pop of color with a brightly colored rug. Or, if you have a lot of color in your room, you can choose a more neutral rug to balance the look.

3. Pattern

Turkish rugs come in a variety of patterns, from geometric to floral to abstract. Choose a pattern that you love and that will fit with your overall décor style.

4. Material

Turkish rugs are typically made from wool, silk, or cotton. Wool is the most durable material, but it can also be the most expensive. Silk is very soft and luxurious, but it is also delicate and requires more care. Cotton is a good middle-ground option, as it is both affordable and durable.

5. Budget

Turkish rugs can range in price from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars. Set a budget before you start shopping so that you don’t overspend.

Tips To Choose the Right Turkish Rug

  • Consider the traffic in the area where you plan to place the rug. If the rug is going to be in a high-traffic area, such as a living room or hallway, you will need to choose a durable rug.
  • Think about the overall style of your home décor. If you have a traditional décor style, you may want to choose a Turkish rug with a traditional pattern. If you have a more modern décor style, you may want to choose a Turkish rug with a more modern pattern.
  • Don’t be afraid to experiment. Turkish rugs come in a wide variety of colors, patterns, and materials. There is no one right way to choose a Turkish rug. The most important thing is to choose a rug that you love and that will make your home look and feel its best.

Turkish Rug Decor Ideas: 17 Ways to Add Style and Sophistication to Your Home

Here are 17 Turkish rug decor ideas to inspire you:

1.    Living Room Focal Point

A large ornate Turkish rug can be used as the focal point in a traditional living room. Layer it with furniture like sofas, chairs, and coffee tables to create a cozy and inviting space.

2. Dining Room Accent

You can add a pop of color with a vibrant tribal or geometric Turkish rug under the dining table. Coordinate the rug with your dinnerware for a polished look.

3. Bedroom Texture

Layer a Moroccan-style shag rug at the foot of the bed for a cozy texture. Choose natural tones like ivory or gray for a calming and relaxing atmosphere.

4. Entryway Runner

Welcome guests with a narrow colorful Turkish runner rug in the entryway or hallway. This is a great way to add a touch of personality to your home right from the start.

5. Modern Minimalism

For contemporary homes, pick a simple wool kilim with clean lines and muted colors. This type of rug will add a touch of sophistication without overwhelming the space.

6. Eclectic Layering

In boho spaces, layer mismatched Turkish rugs in varying sizes and patterns for an eclectic look. This is a great way to express your personal style and create a unique and inviting space.

7. Outdoor Style

Use flatwoven or indoor/outdoor Turkish rugs on patios, decks, and porches to define seating areas and add a touch of style to your outdoor living space.

8. Kitchen Accent

Add a Turkish rug in the kitchen near a breakfast nook or bar area to soften the space. Choose a rug with a pattern that complements your kitchen décor.

9. Nursery Flooring

Use a soft, plush Turkish rug as cushioning in a baby’s nursery. Pick a playful pattern that your little one will love.

10. Bathroom Bas

Anchor your bathroom with a cotton or wool Turkish rug in front of the tub or vanities. Choose a rug that is absorbent and easy to clean.

11. Library Lounge

In a home library or office, use a Turkish rug to define a sitting area with armchairs. This is a great way to create a cozy and inviting space where you can relax and read or work.

12. Wall Hanging

Showcase tribal kilims or vintage Turkish rugs as wall art or tapestries. This is a great way to add a unique and personal touch to your décor.

13. Staircase Runner

Make a statement on your staircase with a brightly colored Turkish stair runner. This is a great way to add a touch of personality and flair to your home.

14. Entryway Collection

Decorate your entryway wall with framed antique Turkish prayer rugs. This is a great way to create a unique and stylish focal point for your guests.

15. Pet Area

Use durable wool rugs in pet areas to withstand heavy paw traffic. Choose a rug with a pattern that hides dirt and stains well.

16. Yoga Space

You can create a yoga zone with a meditative Turkish rug in soothing natural hues. This will help you to create a calm and relaxing space for your yoga practice.

17. Outdoor Lounging

In your outdoor lounge, you can Layer Turkish rugs on patios or lawns to create lounge spaces. This is a great way to create a comfortable and inviting space to relax and enjoy the outdoors.